OCR Publishes HIPAA/HITECH Act Privacy and Security Compliance Audit Protocol

July 9, 2012.  Late in June, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published its HIPAA/HITECH Act Privacy and Security Compliance Audit Protocol.  Here is OCR’s description of the program, which outlines 77 audit procedures for the HIPAA Security Rule and 88 audit procedures for the HIPAA Privacy and HITECH Act Breach Notification Rules: “The OCR HIPAA Audit program analyzes processes, controls, and policies of selected covered entities pursuant to the HITECH Act audit mandate.  OCR established a comprehensive audit protocol that contains the requirements to be assessed through these performance audits.  The entire audit protocol is organized around modules, representing separate…

READ MORE

ONC Issues Meaningful Use Guide for Privacy & Security Attestation Compliance

May 9, 2012.  The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) has issued a Guide to Privacy and Security of Health Information (Version 1.1 022312).  This Guide is targeted to medical practitioners who participate in the Medicare and Medicaid Program for Adoption and Meaningful Use of Certified Electronic Health Record Technology. Chapters are: 1. What Is Privacy & Security and Why Does It Matter? 2. Privacy & Security and Meaningful Use. 3.  Privacy & Security Step Plan for Meaningful Use. 4.  Integrating Privacy and Security into Your Practice. 5.  Privacy and Security Resources. The Guide highlights two of the Stage 1 Meaningful Use Objectives and Corresponding Measures…

READ MORE

Finally, HIPAA/HITECH Act Privacy, Security, Breach Notification, Enforcement Final Rules at OMB

March 24, 2012.   Today, the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in the Executive Office of the President showed that it had received the much-delayed Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR) Final Rules entitled:  Modifications to the HIPAA Privacy, Security, Enforcement, and Breach Notification Rules (RIN:  0945-AA03). Following review by OMB, the rules will be published in the Federal Register, most likely in April if OMB’s review is timely. The Abstract of the Rules reads:  “The Department of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights will issue final rules to modify the HIPAA Privacy, Security,…

READ MORE

CMS Publishes Stage 2 Meaningful Use Incentive Program NPRM

On March 7, 2012, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published in the Federal Register its 132-page notice of proposed rule making (NPRM):  Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Electronic Health Record Incentive Program–Stage 2.  Comments to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) may be made until 5 PM on May 7, 2012. The summary of the NPRM is included here: “This proposed rule would specify the Stage 2 criteria that eligible professionals (EPs), eligible hospitals, and critical access hospitals (CAHs) must meet in order to qualify for Medicare and/or Medicaid electronic health record (EHR) incentive payments.  In addition, it would specify payment adjustments under Medicare for covered…

READ MORE

CMS Initiates 90-Day Enforcement Discretion for 5010 Compliance

January 1, 2012, is the date for covered entities to achieve compliance with ASC X12 Version 5010, NCPDP Telecom D.0, and NCPDP Medicaid Subrogation 3.0 transaction standards. Covered entities include healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses. Small health plans have until January 1, 2013, to comply with the NCPDP Medicaid Subrogation 3.0 standard. The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Office of E-Health Standards and Services (OESS) is responsible for enforcement of compliance with electronic transaction standards.  CMS announced on November 17, 2011, that “[w]hile enforcement action will not be taken [from January 1-March 31, 2012], OESS will continue to accept complaints associated with compliance with Version 5010,…

READ MORE

OCR Announces November 2011 Start of Privacy and Security Compliance Audits

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for privacy and security enforcement under Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act provisions. OCR has announced that it is initiating compliance audits beginning this month, as authorized by the HITECH Act.  This action precedes the imminent release of the Final HIPAA/HITECH Act Privacy, Security, Breach Notification, and Enforcement Rules, expected before the end of 2011, and will strengthen enforcement and accountability for compliance with existing and forthcoming Rule modifications.   To avoid the consequences of potential penalties for non-compliance, covered entities and business…

READ MORE

HITECH Act Privacy and Security Final Rules Needed Now

Since September 23, 2009, the enforcement arm of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), has been required to publicly disclose breaches involving 500 or more individuals discovered and reported by covered entities and their business associates. As of October 25, 2011, OCR has reported 345 such breaches involving a total of 11,959,488 individuals.  Not reflected yet in the OCR disclosed breaches are two involving 6.5 million individuals:  a Nemours breach of 1.6 million individuals and a TRICARE breach involving 4.9 million individuals.  Together, these two recently reported breaches represent 54.4% of the total number of individuals affected by the publicly disclosed breaches…

READ MORE

Get Ready Now for Toughened HIPAA/HITECH Act Privacy and Security Rules and Enforcement, and Big Noncompliance Fines

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) was enacted on August 21, 1996, as Public Law 104-191.   HIPAA Administrative Simplification provisions in Subtitle F, Title II included transactions and code sets, privacy, security, and unique identifiers.  Except for several identifiers, the federal government promulgated enabling regulations under the Administrative Procedure Act.  For example, the Privacy Rule required compliance by healthcare providers, healthcare clearinghouses, and health plans—Covered Entities—by April 14, 2003, and the Security Rule required compliance by April 20, 2005, with small health plans for each rule having an additional year in which to comply. On February 17, 2009, the Health Information Technology for Economic and…

READ MORE

200 Breaches Impacting Almost 5.9 Million Individuals, with Theft and Loss of Laptops and PEDs Major Cause

December 2, 2010.M Under the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act), enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, covered entities are required to report to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) any breach affecting 500 or more individuals within 60 days of discovery of the breach by the covered entity or its business associate.  The HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR), which is responsible for HIPAA privacy and security enforcement,  is required to post these HIPAA privacy or security breaches on its Web site (please note that this URL is a change from the initial…

READ MORE

OCR Reports 107 Breaches Affecting Over 4 Million Individuals (II)

The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) regularly updates its Web site listing of breaches affecting 500 or more individuals. As of July 2, 2010, there were 107 breaches listed that were reported to have occurred between September 22, 2009 and June 11, 2010. Individuals affected by these publicly listed breaches totaled 4,086,980. Six of the 107 breaches, or 5.6% of the total, affected 3,353,627 individuals, or 82% of the total. This is the second of three postings that analyzes the data from these 107 breaches. This posting (II) covers paper breaches. The first posting (I) covered electronic breaches, and the final posting (III) looks at the prevalence of business associate…

READ MORE